William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse

Obituary: MNRAS 29, 123 (1869); Proc. Roy. Soc. 16, XXXVI (1867)

Wiliam Parsons (3rd Earl of Rosse) discovered 226 NGC and 7 IC-object objects between 1848 and 1865 with the 72" reflector at Birr Castle. They were published by his son Lawrence Parsons (4th Earl of Rosse): Observations of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars Made With the Six-foot and Three-foot Reflectors at Birr Castle From the Year 1848 up to the Year 1878, Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society Vol. II, 1878. The identifications in column "GC" can be used to identify them. The objects are: 194 galaxies, 1 reflection nebula, 14 parts of galaxies. The rest are stars/star groups or "not found".

Object
GC
Con
Date
Type
Rem
 NGC 20 6 = 5086 AND
Sep. 18, 1857
galaxy
Schultz 1866; NGC 6 Swift 1885
NGC 67 32 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 69 33 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 70 34 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy
IC 1539 Bigourdan 1897
NGC 71 35 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy
NGC 72 36 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 74 37 AND
Oct. 7, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 90 40 = 5096 AND
Oct. 26, 1854
galaxy
Schultz 1866
NGC 91 41 = 5097 AND
Oct. 26, 1854
star
d'Arrest 1864
NGC 93 42 = 5098 AND
Oct. 26, 1854
galaxy
d'Arrest 1864
NGC 126 60 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 127 61 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 130 64 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 169 82 AND
Sep. 18, 1857
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 207 108 CET
Dec. 7, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 258 137 AND
Dec. 22, 1848
galaxy  
NGC 313 5059 PSC
Nov. 19, 1850
2 stars  
NGC 316 5129 PSC
Nov. 19, 1850
star  
NGC 318 177 PSC
Nov. 19, 1850
galaxy
Stephan 1882
NGC 382 205 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 384 207 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 385 208 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 386 209 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 388 210 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 394 215 = 213 PSC
Oct. 26, 1854
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 444 251 PSC
Oct. 26, 1854
galaxy
IC 1658 Javelle 1903
NGC 486 275 PSC
Dec. 6, 1850
2 stars  
NGC 490 277 PSC
Dec. 6, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 492 280 PSC
Dec. 6, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 498 283 PSC
Oct. 22, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 500 290 PSC
Dec. 6, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 501 284 PSC
Oct. 28, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 531 312 AND
Oct. 16, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 542 318 AND
Oct. 16, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 603 357 TRI
Nov. 16, 1850
3 stars  
NGC 700 423 AND
Oct. 12, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 733 442 TRI
Oct. 11, 1850
star  
NGC 737 445 TRI
Oct. 11, 1850
3 stars  
NGC 738 446 TRI
Oct. 11, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 751 5200 TRI
Oct. 11, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 761 456 TRI
Oct. 11, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 770 461 = 464 ARI
Nov. 3, 1855
galaxy
d'Arrest 1861
NGC 870 514 ARI
Nov. 22, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 876 517 ARI
Nov. 22, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 894 530 CET
Nov. 28, 1856
part of galaxy  
NGC 970 558 TRI
Sep. 14, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 971 559 TRI
Sep. 14, 1850
star  
NGC 1057 595 / 596 TRI
Dec. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 1061 597 TRI
Dec. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 1130 617 PER
Dec. 8, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 1131 618 PER
Dec. 8, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 1323 703 ERI
Dec. 19. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 1410 754 TAU
Jan. 17, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 1424 763 ERI
Dec. 8, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 1601 867 = 5343 ERI
Jan. 14, 1849
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 1603 868 ERI
Jan. 14, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 1606 869 ERI
Jan. 14, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 1622 878 = 881 ERI
Jan. 16, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 1683 918 ORI
Jan. 1850
galaxy  
NGC 1685 922 ORI
Jan. 1850
galaxy  
NGC 1699   ERI
Feb. 13, 1860
galaxy
Swift 1886
NGC 1717 949 ORI
Jan. 15, 1849
galaxy
NGC 1709
NGC 1889 1097 LEP
Oct. 29, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2247   MON
Feb. 14, 1857
reflection nebula
Swift 1883
NGC 2288 1455 GEM
Feb. 22, 1849
galaxy
IC 2173 Bigourdan 1891
NGC 2294 1460 GEM
Feb. 22, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 2321 6248 LYN
Dec. 18. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 2330 1492? LYN
Jan. 2, 1851
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887; IC 457
NGC 2334 1492? LYN
Jan. 2, 1851
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887; IC 465
NGC 2373 5380 GEM
Feb. 20, 1849
galaxy
Stephan 1878
NGC 2375 5383 GEM
Feb. 20, 1849
galaxy
Stephan 1878
NGC 2458 1581 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2461 1582 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
star
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2462 1583 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2464 1584 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
3 stars
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2465 1585 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
star
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2471 1586 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
2 stars
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 2472 1587 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2473 1588 LYN
Feb. 20, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2475 1592 LYN
Jan. 9, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 2480 1597 GEM
Feb. 1, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 2490 1603 GEM
Feb. 14, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 2495 1605 LYN
Feb. 14, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 2510 1615 CMI
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2511 1616 CMI
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 2603 1667 UMA
Feb. 9, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2605 1668 UMA
Mar. 11, 1858
galaxy  
NGC 2673 1705 CNC
Dec. 19. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 2680 1710 CNC
Feb. 26, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2686 1715 UMA
Mar. 11, 1858
galaxy  
NGC 2687 1716 UMA
Mar. 11, 1858
galaxy  
NGC 2688 1717 UMA
Mar. 11, 1858
galaxy  
NGC 2689   UMA
Mar. 11, 1858
galaxy  
NGC 2694 5435 UMA
Mar. 9, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2697 1725 HYA
Jan. 24, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2709 1722 HYA
Jan. 27, 1852
galaxy  
NGC 2739 1749 UMA
Feb. 18, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 2762 1767 UMA
Feb. 26, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 2779 1775 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2823 1805 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2826 1807 = 1809 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2827 1808 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy
IC 2460 Javelle 1900
NGC 2828 1810 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2829 1804 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2831 1812 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2832 1813 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2833 1814 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2834 1815 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2839 1821 LYN
Mar. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 2847 1828 HYA
Mar. 5, 1855
part of galaxy  
NGC 2857 1834 UMA
Jan. 9, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 2873 1846 LEO
Feb. 22, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 2988 1916 LEO
Feb. 19, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 3000 1928 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
2 stars  
NGC 3002 1925 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
star  
NGC 3004 1926 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
star  
NGC 3005 1932 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 3006 1930 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 3008 1934 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 3016 5507 LEO
Mar. 21, 1854
galaxy
d'Arrest 1864
NGC 3019 1940 LEO
Mar. 21, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 3152 2031 LMI
Mar. 27, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 3160 2032 LMI
Mar. 27, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 3165 2037 SEX
Jan.30, 1856
galaxy
Stephan 1884
NGC 3179   UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 3180 2049 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 3181 2050 UMA
Jan. 25, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 3185 2054 LEO
Jan. 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1864
NGC 3187 2055 LEO
Jan. 1850
galaxy  
NGC 3189 2057 LEO
Jan. 1850
part of galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 3416 2226 UMA
Mar. 30, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 3461   LEO
Mar. 27, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 3639 2385 LEO
Jan. 21, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 3803 2491 LEO
Mar. 27, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 3807 2492 LEO
Mar. 27, 1856
star  
NGC 3973 2622 LEO
Mar. 15, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 3989 2639 LEO
Apr. 27, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 4001 2642 UMA
Apr. 13, 1852
galaxy  
NGC 4016 2654 COM
Mar. 30, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 4109 5618 CVN
Apr. 21, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 4110 2751 COM
April 1, 1848
galaxy  
NGC 4116 2728 VIR
Mar. 6, 1851
galaxy
Peters 1881
NGC 4118 5619 CVN
Apr. 20, 1857
galaxy
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 4301 2884 VIR
Apr. 21, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 4330 2909 = 5639 VIR
Apr. 14, 1852
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 4399 2959 CVN
Apr. 13, 1850
part of galaxy  
NGC 4400 2960 CVN
Apr. 13, 1850
part of galaxy  
NGC 4443 2995 VIR
Apr. 13. 1849
star  
NGC 4607   VIR
Apr. 24, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 4637 3172 VIR
Mar. 1, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 4738 3247 COM
Mar. 1, 1851
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887
NGC 4809 3309 VIR
Apr. 18, 1855
galaxy
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 4810 3310 VIR
Apr. 18, 1855
galaxy
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 4912 5705 CVN
Apr. 24, 1860
not found
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 4913 5706 CVN
Apr. 24, 1860
not found
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 4916 5707 CVN
Apr. 24, 1860
not found
Lord Rosse IV
NGC 5088 3489 VIR
Apr. 18, 1855
galaxy
d'Arrest 1887
NGC 5143 3535 CVN
Apr. 17, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 5276 3638 CVN
Mar. 27, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 5296 3651 CVN
May 3, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5319   CVN
Mar. 27, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 5341 3690 CVN
Mar. 3, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 5349 3691 CVN
Mar. 3, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 5449 3762 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5450 3763 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5451 3764 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5453 3767 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5455 3768 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5458 3771 UMA
Apr. 27, 1851
part of galaxy  
NGC 5472 3781 VIR
Apr. 19, 1855
galaxy
Tempel 1882
NGC 5524 3819 BOO
Apr. 19, 1855
2 stars  
NGC 5527 3821 BOO
Apr. 19, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 5538 3830 = 5762 BOO
Mar. 6, 1851
galaxy
Marth 1864
NGC 5542 3832 BOO
Mar. 6, 1851
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 5545 3834 BOO
Apr. 10, 1852
galaxy  
NGC 5569 3848 VIR
Apr. 26. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 5577 3855 VIR
Apr. 26. 1849
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 5609 3881 BOO
Mar. 1, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5613 3882 BOO
Mar. 1, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5615 3883 BOO
Mar. 1, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5682 3943 BOO
Apr. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5683 3944 BOO
Apr. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5693 3945 BOO
Apr. 13, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5721 3972 BOO
Apr. 16, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 5723 3973 BOO
Apr. 16, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 5724 3974 BOO
Apr. 16, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 5774 4003 VIR
Apr. 26, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5805 4020 BOO
Apr. 3, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 5867 4059 DRA
Apr. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5889 4070 BOO
Apr. 25, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 5895 4072 BOO
May 23, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 5896 4073 BOO
May 23, 1854
galaxy  
NGC 5901 4079 BOO
May 23, 1854
star  
NGC 5906 4086 DRA
Apr. 23, 1860
part of galaxy  
NGC 5976 4124 DRA
May 6, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5981 4127 DRA
May 6, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 5994   SER
Mar. 9, 1851
galaxy  
NGC 6147 4196 HER
May 26. 1849
galaxy  
NGC 6174 4213 HER
Mar. 3, 1849
not found  
NGC 6179 4217 HER
Apr. 19, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 6961 4602 AQR
Aug. 27, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 6965 4603 AQR
Aug. 27, 1857
galaxy
IC 5058 Bigourdan 1891
NGC 6967 4604 AQR
Aug. 27, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 7336 4816 PEG
Sep. 10, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 7337 4817 PEG
Sep. 10, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 7340 4818 PEG
Sep. 10, 1849
galaxy  
NGC 7383 4844 PEG
Nov. 27, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 7384   PEG
Nov. 27, 1850
star  
NGC 7387 4847 PEG
Nov. 27, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 7389 4848 PEG
Nov. 27, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 7390   PEG
Nov. 27, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 7397 4854 PSC
Oct. 2, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 7398 4855 PSC
Oct. 2, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 7401 4856 PSC
Oct. 2, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 7402   PSC
Oct. 2, 1856
galaxy  
NGC 7433 4872 PEG
Oct. 12, 1855
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 7435 4873 PEG
Oct. 12, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 7549 4912 = 6151 PEG
Nov. 2, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1864
NGC 7553 4913 = 6153 PEG
Nov. 2, 1850
galaxy
d'Arrest 1864, Schultz 1867
NGC 7557 4917 PSC
Sep. 16, 1852
galaxy  
NGC 7631 4942 = 4943 PEG
Aug. 30, 1851
galaxy
d'Arrest 1862
NGC 7672 4967 PEG
Oct. 23, 1857
galaxy  
NGC 7715 4994 PSC
Nov. 4, 1850
galaxy  
NGC 7752 6226 PEG
Nov. 22, 1854
galaxy
d'Arrest 1865
NGC 7765 5018 PEG
Oct. 12, 1855
galaxy  
NGC 7770 5021 PEG
Nov. 5, 1850
galaxy  
IC 458   LYN
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
Swift 1888, Kobold 1893
IC 459   LYN
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
Kobold 1893
IC 461   LYN
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
Swift 1888, Kobold 1893
IC 463   LYN
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
Swift 1888, Kobold 1893
IC 464   LYN
Jan. 31, 1851
galaxy
Kobold 1893
IC 694   UMA
Feb. 12, 1860
galaxy
Swift 1892
IC 1559   AND
Sep. 18, 1857
galaxy
Bigourdan 1891, Javelle 1897

The following objects are credited by Dreyer to the 3rd Earl of Rosse (LdR), but are discovered by others or identical to another NGC/IC object.

Object
GC
Identity
Discoverer
Con
Type
Rem
 NGC 1709 944 NGC 1717
Lord Rosse III 1854
ORI
galaxy  
NGC 2290 5369  
W. Herschel
GEM
galaxy
Lord Rosse III 1849, d'Arrest 1865
NGC 2317 1478 NGC 2316
W. Herschel
MON
reflection nebula
Lord Rosse III 1851
NGC 3460   NGC 3457
J. Herschel
LEO
galaxy
Lord Rosse III 1854, Swift 1883
NGC 3987 2638  
W. Herschel
LEO
galaxy
Lord Rosse III 1854
NGC 3993 2640  
W. Herschel
LEO
galaxy
Lord Rosse III 1854
NGC 5279 h 1665a   
J. Herschel
UMA
galaxy
Lord Rosse IV 1872 (error by Dreyer)
NGC 5447 3760 = 3766  
W. Herschel
UMA
part of galaxy
Lord Rosse III 1851
IC 457   NGC 2330
Lord Rosse III 1851
LYN
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887, Kobold 1893
IC 465   NGC 2334
Lord Rosse III 1851
LYN
galaxy
Bigourdan 1887, Kobold 1893

 

Birr Castle

 

36" Reflector

72" Reflector