Williamina Paton Stevens Fleming

 

Miss Fleming found 54 IC objects; 51 were new. She inspected plates taken with Harvard's Bache telescope (8" f/5.5 refractor), equipped with an objective prism. It was first used at Harvard College Observatory and transported to Arequipa in spring 1889 (see e.g. PASP 4, 58 (1892)). The objects in Orion were found on a plate, taken at Harvard. Among them is the famous Horsehead Nebula (it is very doubtfult that William Herschel has seen it in 1786). The other objects, mostly planetary nebulae, were discovered from objective prism plates taken at Arequipa. Some objects were credited by Dreyer to Pickering.

D N NI Y M D Ap I T Discoverer Observer Name Con Type S ID Author Title Source List
1 I 418 1891 3 26 8,0 Rr ps       LEP PN 3   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra  AN [3049] 128,11-14 (1891) 69
1 I 420 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 63
1 I 421 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI SBbc 1   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 66
1 I 423 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 58
1 I 424 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 56
1 I 426 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 57
1 I 427 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI EN+RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 67
1 I 428 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI EN+RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 64
1 I 430 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 65
1 I 431 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 61
1 I 432 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 60
1 I 434 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p   Herschel W. 1.2.1786 ? Horsehead Nebula ORI EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 21
1 I 435 1888 6 27 8,0 Rr p       ORI RN 2   Pickering, E.C. Detection of Nebulae by Photography  Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890) 59
1 I 1108 1894     8,0 Rr ps       LUP PN 8 NGC 5882 (Herschel J. 2.7.1834) Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra  AN [3269] 137, 71-74 (1894)  
1 I 1266 1894     8,0 Rr ps       ARA PN 3   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra  AN [3227] 135, 195-198 (1894)  
1 I 1292 1894     8,0 Rr ps       SGR NF 10   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra  AN [3269] 137, 71-74 (1894)  
1 I 1297 1894     8,0 Rr ps       CRA PN 3   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra  AN [3227] 135, 195-198 (1894)  
  I 1644 1901     8,0 Rr ps Dunlop 4.8.1826     TUC EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 39
1 I 1747 1905     8,0 Rr ps       CAS PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 103
1 I 2105 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 84
1 I 2111 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 85
1 I 2114 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 8 NGC 1748 (Dunlop 3.8.1826) Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 86
1 I 2115 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR * 9   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 87
1 I 2116 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR * 9   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 88
1 I 2117 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 89
1 I 2126 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 8 NGC 1935 (Dunlop 27.9.1826) Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 90
1 I 2127 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 8 NGC 1936 (Dunlop 27.9.1826) Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 91
1 I 2145 1901     8,0 Rr ps       DOR EN 2   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 92
1 I 2149 1906     8,0 Rr ps       AUR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 105
1 I 2165 1898     8,0 Rr ps       CMA PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 79
1 I 2189 1894     8,0 Rr ps       CMI * 9   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra. Eleven New Variable stars  AN [3299] 138, 175-180 (1895) 75
1 I 2206 1895     8,0 Rr ps       PUP *2 9   Fleming, W. Stars having Peculiar Spectra. Eleven New Variable stars  AN [3299] 138, 175-180 (1895) 76
1 I 2448 1898     8,0 Rr ps       CAR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 80
1 I 2501 1904     8,0 Rr ps       CAR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 101
1 I 2553 1893     8,0 Rr ps       CAR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 70
  I 2621 1901     8,0 Rr ps Lunt 1901     CAR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 6
1 I 4191 1907     8,0 Rr ps       MUS PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 107
1 I 4274 1901     8,0 Rr ps       MUS PN 8 NGC 5189 (Dunlop 1.7.1826) Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 93
  I 4406 1901     8,0 Rr ps Stewart 1899 Innes 14.8.1901   LUP PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 403
1 I 4544 1893     8,0 Rr ps       NOR NF 10   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 71
1 I 4593 1907     8,0 Rr ps       HER PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 108
1 I 4634 1894     8,0 Rr ps       OPH PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 72
1 I 4637 1901     8,0 Rr ps       SCO PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 95
1 I 4642 1901     8,0 Rr ps       ARA PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 96
1 I 4663 1901     8,0 Rr ps       SCO PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 97
1 I 4699 1901     8,0 Rr ps       TEL PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 98
1 I 4732 1901     8,0 Rr ps       SGR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 99
1 I 4776 1896     8,0 Rr ps       SGR PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 77
1 I 4816 1899     8,0 Rr ps       SGR S 1   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 81
1 I 4846 1901     8,0 Rr ps       AQL PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 100
1 I 4850 1901     8,0 Rr ps       AQL Nova 9   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 82
1 I 4997 1896     8,0 Rr ps   Gruss 1896?   SGE PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 78
1 I 5117 1905     8,0 Rr ps       CYG PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 104
1 I 5217 1904     8,0 Rr ps       LAC PN 3   Pickering, E.C. Nebulae discovered at the Harvard College Observatory  Ann. Harv. Obs. 60, 147-194 (1908) 102

Obituary: MNRAS 72, 261 (1912); ApJ 34, 314 (1911)

 

Harvard Observatory and Spectroscope