Truman Henry Safford

Obituary: PASP 13, 181 (1901); MNRAS 62, 236 (1902); Obs. 24, 307 (1901), AN 157, 95 (1902)

At Harvard Safford discovered 2 NGC objects in Orion on March 19, 1863 using the 15" f/18 Merz refractor installed in June 1847. George Phillips Bond (director from 1859-1865) published the observations (among others by Bond, Coolidge and Tuttle) in AN #1453 (1863). NGC 2189 (No. 7a, 7b in Bond's list, also HN 25/26) is described as "two clusters", but only the two reference stars can be seen. The other finding, NGC 2198 (No. 8, HN 27), is quite similar: instead of a cluster only the two reference stars are present. HN stands for "Harvard Nebula", given in Pickering, E. C., Detection of Nebulae by Photography, Ann. Harv. Obs. 18, 113-117 (1890).

At Dearborn Observatory, Sufford found 106 objects between 1866 and 1868 with the 18.5" refractor. They were noticed too late by Dreyer to enter the NGC, because they were published 1887 in the Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Chicago Astronomical Society, together with the Report of the Director of Dearborn Observatory for 1885 and 1886. 47 of them, classified as "new" by Dreyer, were listed in an Appendix to the NGC (with their Safford-No.), but Dreyer put them completely into the IC I. 3 objects were found by his assistant Skinner. All but three are real deep sky objects. IC 1148 = NGC 6020 is a curious case,as the IC designation must be seen the primary!

Object
No.
Con
Date
Type
Rem
IC 8 89 PSC 1866-68 galaxy
Javelle 1892
IC 34 97 PSC 1866-68 galaxy
Swift 1889
IC 69 66 PSC 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 96 69 PSC 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 163 72 ARI 1866-68 galaxy
Swift 1889
IC 178 67 AND 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 200 71 TRI 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 204 98 CET 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 348 70 PER 1866-68 open cluster  
IC 357 73 TAU 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 777 18 COM 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 779 19 COM 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 791 26 COM 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 832 22 COM 1866-68 galaxy
Spitaler 1992
IC 842 2 COM 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 843 3 COM 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 909 28 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 916 27 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 949 14 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 971 105 VIR 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1006 15 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1008 5 BOO 1866-68 galaxy
IC 4414, Javelle 1895
IC 1012 8 BOO 1866-68 galaxy
IC 4431, Javelle 1896
IC 1014 78 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1026 13 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1030 6 BOO 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1060 106 LIB 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1127 7 SER 1866-68 galaxy
IC 4553, Javelle 1903
IC 1132 9 SER 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1148 10 SER 1866-68 galaxy
NGC 6020, Stephan 1876
IC 1174 77 SER 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1236 44 HER 1866-68 galaxy
Swift 1890
IC 1253 29 HER 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1295 82 SCT 1866-68 planetary nebula  
IC 1302 36 CYG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1303 37 CYG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1340 51 CYG 1866-68 emission nebula  
IC 1376 85 AQR 1866-68 not found  
IC 1382 55 PEG 1866-68 not found  
IC 1392 50 CYG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1427 52 PEG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1473 58 PEG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1476 59 PEG 1866-68 galaxy  
IC 1524 87 PSC 1866-68 galaxy  

 

Harvard Observatory with 15" Refractor

 

Dearborn Observatory (Chicago) and 18.5" Refractor