NGC/IC observers

Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke

12 August 2014

This is the most complete collection of data for 172 persons, contributing to the NGC/IC and mentioned by Dreyer (see here for a short German biography of John Louis Emil Dreyer). Most persons are discoverers, some are co-discoverers, listed in his column "other observers". A few names are from the notes or the table of "published figures" in the NGC.

528 photos are now online, showing persons, discoveries, observatories and instruments (just klick on the name). If you find errors, can fill gaps, or for any comment, please contact me. The columns are explained below the main table.

The historic information is based on my scientific research over the last decades. The data are contained in my the Historic NGC/IC, presenting the discoverer, date, instrument and references for every NGC/IC object. Note: This catalogue is the most up-to-date source (the data concerning the object discoveries given by the table below can be out-of-date)!

Concerning the NGC, the full historic background has been published in August 2010 as "Observing and Cataloguing Nebulae and Star Clusters - from Herschel to Dreyer's New General Catalogue" by Cambridge University Press (a german version is on the market since January 2009; see button "Publications").

See also the NGC/IC statistic table.

See here for current important anniversaries of NGC/IC observers.

All data are copyright by the author and, if used in a publication or in other datasets, must be credited properly (please inform me in this case).

Additional note: The "NGC Discoverer's List", first presented in Dec. 2006 by Bob Erdmann on the NGC/IC project website, is a mere copy of the data presented here. Sadly, Erdmann has not given the necessary acknowledgment for using my data!

 

Name
First name
P
born
Birthplace
died
NGC
IC
Observatory
P
Instruments
P
Abbott Francis Preserved
x
12.8.1799 Derby, UK 18.2.1883
f
 
Rossbank/Hobart, TAS
x
4" Rr
 
Aitken Robert Grant
x
31.12.1864 Jackson, Cal. 29.10.1951
 
1
Lick, USA
x
12" Rr, 36" Rr
x
Aratos  
x
315 B.C. Soli, GRE 245 B.C.
1
 
GRE
 
naked eye
 
Aristoteles  
x
384 B.C. Stageira, GRE 322 B.C.
2
 
GRE
 
naked eye
 
As-Sufi Abd-al-Rahman
x
7.12.903 Raj, Persia 25.5.986
1
  Persia
 
naked eye
 
Austin Edward P.
 
1843 USA 1906
3
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Auwers Georg Friedrich Julius Arthur v.
x
12.9.1838 Göttingen, GER 24.1.1915
1
 
Göttingen, GER; Königsberg, Ost-Preussen
x
2.6" Rr; 6.2" Heliometer
x
Bailey Solon Irving
x
29.12.1854 Lisbon, New Hem. 5.6.1931
 
1
Arequipa, Peru
x
1" Rr
x
Baily Francis
x
28.4.1774 Newbury, UK 30.8.1844 1   Slough, UK
x
18.7" Rl
x
Ball Robert Stawell
x
1.7.1840 Dublin, IRL 25.11.1913
11
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Baracchi Pietro Paolo Giovanni Ernesto
x
25.2.1851 Florence, ITA 23.7.1926
2
 
Melbourne, AUS
x
48" Rl
x
Barnard Edward Emerson
x
16.12.1857 Nashville, Tenn. 6.2.1923
17
128
Dyer/Nashville; Yerkes; Lick, USA
x
5" Rr, 6" Rr; 10" Rr; 12" Rr, 36" Rr
x
Baxendell Joseph
 
19.4.1815 Bank Top, UK 7.10.1887
1
 
Birkdale, Southport, UK
 
6" Rr
 
Bellamy Frank Arthur
x
17.10.1863 Oxford, UK 15.2.1936
 
  Oxford, UK
x
12.2" Rr
 
Bevis John
 
10.11.1695 Old Sarum, UK 6.11.1771
1
 
Stoke Newington, UK
 
3" Rr
 
Bianchini Francesco
x
13.12.1662 Verona, ITA 2.3.1729
f
 
Verona, ITA
 
 
 
Bidschof Friedrich
x
6.12.1864 Vienna, AUT 7.12.1915
 
2
Vienna, AUT
x
27" Rr
x
Bigourdan Guillaume
x
6.4.1851 Sistels, FRA 28.2.1932
70
260
Toulouse; Paris, FRA
x
12" Rr
x
Block Eugen
 
15.4.1847 Baldonu, Latvia 12.5.1912
c
 
Odessa, Ukraine
x
6.75" Rr
 
Bode Johann Elert
x
19.1.1747 Hamburg, GER 23.11.1826
4
 
Berlin, GER
x
Rr (3.5 ft)
 
Bond George Phillips
 
20.5.1825 Dorchester, Mass. 17.2.1865
14
 
Harvard, USA
x
4" Rr, 15" Rr
x
Borrelly Alphonse Louis Nicholas
x
8.12.1842 Roquemaure, FRA 28.2.1926
6
 
Marseille, FRA
x
7.2" Rr
x
Brisbane Thomas Makdougall
x
23.7.1773 Ayrshire, Scot. 27.1.1860
c
 
Parramatta, AUS
x
3.25" Rr
 
Brorsen Theodor Johann Christian Ambders
x
29.7.1819 Norburg, DAN 31.3.1895
1
 
Senftenberg (Zamberk), Böhmen
 
9.6" Rr
 
Bruhns Carl Christian
x
22.11.1830 Plön, GER 25.7.1881
1
 
Berlin, GER
x
Rr
 
Burnham Sherbourne Wesley
x
12.12.1838 Thetford, Vermont 11.3.1921
5
22
Dearborn; Lick; Yerkes, USA
x
6" Rr, 18.5" Rr; 36" Rr; 40" Rr
x
Burton Charles Edward
 
16.9.1846 Bernton, UK 9.7.1882
 
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
72" Rl
x
Cacciatore Niccolò
x
27.1.1780 Casteltermini, ITA 28.1.1841
1
 
Palermo, ITA
x
3" Rr
 
Cassini Giovanni Domenico
x
8.6.1625 Perinaldo, ITA 14.9.1712
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
5" Rr
 
Cerulli Vincenzo
x
20.4.1859 Teramo, ITA 31.5.1927
 
n
Teramo, ITA
x
16" Rr
x
Chacornac Jean
 
21.6.1823 Lyon, FRA 23.9.1873
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
10" Rr
 
Clemens Paul Ewald Felix Hugo   20.10.1862 Sorau, GER 22.12.1936  
1
Potsdam, GER
x
10.5" Rr
x
Coddington Edwin Foster
x
24.6.1870 Miami Co., Ohio 21.12.1950
 
1
Lick, USA
x
6" Rr
x
Coggia Jerome Eugene
 
18.2.1849 Ajaccio, Corse 15.1.1919
1
 
Marseille, FRA
x
9.6" Rr
x
Common Andrew Ainslie
x
7.8.1841 Newcastle-on-Tyne, UK 2.6.1903
29
 
Ealing, UK
x
36" Rl
x
Coolidge Phillip Sydney
x
22.8.1830 Boston, Mass. 19.9.1863
9
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Cooper Edward Joshua
x
1.5.1798 Dublin, IRL 23.4.1863
7
 
Markree Castle, IRL
x
13.5" Rr
 
Copeland Ralph
x
3.9.1837 Woodplumpton, UK 27.10.1905
33
 
Birr Castle, IRL; Dun Echt, Scot.
x
72" Rl; 6.1" Rr; 15.1" Rr
x
Cysat Johann Baptist
x
1587 Luzern, SWI 3.3.1657
c
 
Ingolstadt, GER
 
 
 
Darquier Antoine de Pellepoix
x
23.11.1718 Toulouse, FRA 18.1.1802
1
 
Toulouse, FRA
 
3.5" Rr
 
d'Arrest Heinrich Louis
x
13.7.1822 Berlin, GER 14.6.1875
314
 
Leipzig, GER; Copenhagen, DAN
x
4.6" Rr, 11" Rr
x
de Cheseaux Jean Phillippe Loys
x
4.5.1718 Lausanne, SWI 30.11.1751
6
2
Lausanne, SWI
x
(14ft) Rr, (2ft) Rl
 
Denning William Frederick
x
25.11.1848 Redpost, UK 9.6.1931
 
18
Bristol, UK
 
10" Rl
x
Dreyer Johann Louis Emil
x
13.2.1852 Kopenhagen, Dan. 14.9.1926
15
 
Birr Castle, Armagh, Dunsink IRL
x
72" Rl
x
Duner Nils Christoffer
x
21.5.1839 Billeberga, SWE 10.11.1914
1
 
Lund, SWE
x
9.6" Rr
x
Dunlop James
x
31.10.1793 Dalry, Scot. 22.9.1848
270
10
Parramatta, AUS
x
9" Rl
 
Ellery Robert Lewis John
x
14.7.1827 Cranleigh, UK 14.1.1908
f
 
Melbourne, AUS
x
48" Rl
x
Engelhardt Basilius v. [Vasily Pavlovich]
x
29.7.1828 Smolensk, RUS 17.5.1915
 
1
Dresden, GER
x
12" Rr
x
Engelmann Friedrich Wilhelm Rudolf
x
1.6.1841 Leipzig, GER 28.3.1888
 
 
Leipzig, GER
x
6" Rr
 
Espin Thomas Henry Espinall Compton
x
28.5.1858 Birmingham, UK 2.12.1934
 
18
Tow Law, UK
 
17.25" Rl
 
Ferrari Gaspare Stanislao
 
23.10.1834 Bologna, ITA 20.6.1903
14
 
Igantius Church/Rome, ITA
x
9.5" Rr
x
Finlay William Henry
 
17.6.1849 Liverpool, UK 7.12.1924
 
4
Cape Town, SA
x
6" Rr, 7" Rr
x
Flamsteed John
x
19.8.1646 Denby, UK 31.12.1719
1
 
Greenwich, UK
x
9.7" Rr
 
Fleming Williamina Paton Stevens
x
15.5.1857 Dundee, Scotl. 21.5.1911
 
46
Harvard, USA
x
Spectroscope
x
Frost Royal Harwood
x
25.2.1879 Salem, Mass. 11.5.1950
 
446
Arequipa, Peru
x
24" Rr
x
Gale Walter Frederick
 
27.11.1865 Sydney, AUS 1.6.1945
 
1
Sydney, AUS
x
8.5" Rr
x
Gruss Gustav
 
3.8.1854 Jitschin, CZ 23.9.1922
 
  Prag Univ. Obs., CZ
 
6" Rr
 
Hagen Johann Georg
x
6.3.1847 Bregenz, AUT 5.9.1930
 
 
Georgetown Coll. Obs., USA; Vatican Obs., ITA
x
12" Rr; 16" Rr
x
Hahn Friedrich v.
 
27.7.1742 Neuhaus, GER 9.10.1805
 
 
Remplin, GER
x
18" Rl
x
Hall Asaph
x
15.10.1829 Goshen, Conn. 22.11.1907
1
 
US Naval/Washington, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Halley Edmond
x
29.10.1656 Haggerston, UK 14.1.1742
2
 
Oxford, UK
 
Rr (24 ft)
 
Harding Karl Ludwig
x
29.9.1765 Lauenburg, GER 31.8.1834
1
 
Göttingen, GER
x
4" Rr
x
Harrington Mark Walrod
x
18.8.1848 Sycamore, Ill. 5.1.1926
1
 
Ann Arbor, USA
x
12.5" Rr
x
Hartwig Carl Ernst Albrecht
x
14.1.1851 Frankfurt, GER 3.5.1923
5
 
Strasbourg, FRA
x
6.8" Rr, 18" Rr
x
Helmert Friedrich Robert
x
31.7.1843 Freiberg, Sachsen 15.6.1917
f
 
Potsdam, GER
x
11.75" Rr
 
Henry Paul-Pierre
x
21.8.1848 Nancy, FRA 4.1.1905
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
13" Rr
x
Henry Mathieu-Prosper
x
10.12.1849 Nancy, FRA 25.7.1903
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
13" Rr
x
Herschel Caroline Lucretia
x
16.3.1750 Hannover, GER 9.1.1848
10
 
Datchet; Slough, UK
x
Rr, 4.2" Rl
x
Herschel John Frederick William
x
7.3.1792 Slough, UK 11.5.1871
1648
1
Slough, UK; Feldhausen, SA
x
18.7" Rl
x
Herschel Friedrich Wilhelm
x
15.11.1738 Hannover, GER 25.8.1822
2426
5
Bath; Datchet; Slough, UK
x
18.7" Rl, 48" Rl
x
Hind John Russell
x
12.5.1823 Nottingham, UK 23.12.1895
3
 
Bishop's Obs./Regents Park, London, UK
x
7" Rr
 
Hipparchus  
x
190 B.C. Nikaia, GRE 125 B.C.
2
 
Rhodos, GRE
 
naked eye
 
Hodierna Giovanni Battista
x
13.4.1597 Ragusa, Sizilien 6.4.1660
12
 
Ragusa, ITA
 
Rr
 
Holden Edward Singleton
x
5.11.1846 St. Louis, Missouri 16.3.1914
18
 

Washburn/Madison, Wisc.

x
15.6" Rr
x
Hough George "Jupiter" Washington
x
24.10.1836 Tribes Hill, N.Y. 1.1.1909
4
 
Dearborn; Dudley, USA
x
18.5" Rr
x
Howe Herbert Alonzo
x
22.11.1858 Brockport, N.Y. 2.11.1926
 
58
Chamberlin/Denver, USA
x
20" Rr
x
Hunter Samuel     IRL  
1
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Ihle Johann Abraham
 
14.6.1627 Leipzig, GER 1699?
1
 
Leipzig, GER
 
 
 
Innes Robert Thorburn Ayton
x
10.11.1861 Edinburgh, Scotl. 13.3.1933
 
13
Cape Town, SA
x
6" Rr, 7" Rr
x
Javelle Stephane
x
16.11.1864 Lyon, FRA 3.8.1917
 
1363
Nice, FRA
x
30" Rr
x
Keeler James Edward
x
10.9.1857 La Salle, Ill. 12.8.1900
 
7
Lick, USA
x
36" Rl
x
Key Henry Cooper
 
1819 Hereford, UK 25.12.1879
f
 
Hereford, UK
 
18" Rl
 
Kirch Gottfried
x
18.12.1639 Guben, GER 25.7.1710
2
 
Potsdam, GER
 
 
 
Kobold Hermann Albert
x
5.8.1858 Hannover, GER 11.6.1942
 
37
Strasbourg, FRA
x
18" Rr
x
Koehler Johann Gottfried
 
15.12.1745 Gauernick, GER 19.9.1801
3
 
Dresden, GER
 
Rr (6ft), Rr (10ft), Rl (8ft)
 
Krüger Karl Nikolaus Adalbert
x
3.12.1832 Marienburg, GER 21.4.1896
f
 
Helsinki, FIN; Gotha, Kiel, GER
x
7" Rr
 
Lacaille Nicolas-Louis de
x
15.3.1713 Rumigny, FRA 21.3.1762
23
4
Cape Town, SA
 
0.5" Rr
x
Lalande Joseph-Jerome le Francois de
x
11.7.1732 Bourg-en-Bresse, FRA 4.4.1807
c
 
Paris, FRA
x
 
 
Lamont Johann v.
x
31.12.1805 Braemar, Scot. 6.8.1879
f
 
München, GER
x
10.5" Rr
x
Langley Samuel Pierpont
x
22.8.1834 Roxbury, Mass. 27.2.1906
1
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Lassell William
x
18.6.1799 Bolton, UK 5.10.1880
4
 
Liverpool, UK; Malta
x
24" Rl; 48" Rl
x
Laugier Paul August [Ernest]
 
22.12.1812 Paris, FRA 5.4.1872
i
 
Paris, FRA
x
15" Rr
x
Leavenworth Francis Preserved
x
3.9.1858 Mount Vernon, Ind. 12.11.1928
251
3 
McCormick/Charlottesville, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Legentil Guillaume Hyazinthe
 
11.9.1725 Coutances, FRA 22.10.1792
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
 
 
Le Sueur Adolphus Albert
 
8.12.1849 UK 25.4.1906
f
 
Melbourne, AUS
x
48" Rl
x
Lohse J. Gerhard
x
10.1.1851 Fünfhausen, GER 2.1.1941
15
 
Scarborough, UK
 
15.5" Rr
x
Lunt Joseph
 
6.7.1866 Edgerton, UK 1940
 
7
Cape Town, SA
x
18" Rr, 24" Rr
x
MacGeorge E. Farie
 
  AUS  
f
 
Melbourne, AUS
x
48" Rl
x
Magellan Fernando de
x
1480 Sabrosa, POR 27.4.1521  
 
Ship
 
naked eye
 
Mairan Jean-Jacques Dortous de
x
26.11.1678 Beziers, FRA 20.2.1771
1
 
Paris, FRA
x
 
 
Maraldi Jean-Dominique
 
17.4.1709 Perinaldo, ITA 14.11.1788
2
 
Paris, FRA
x
 
 
Marth Albert
x
5.5.1828 Kolberg, GER 5.8.1897
580
1
Malta
x
48" Rl
x
Mason Ebenezer Porter
 
7.12.1819 Washington, Conn. 26.12.1840
 
 
New Haven, Conn.
 
12" Rl
 
Mechain Pierre Francois Andre
x
16.8.1744 Laon, FRA 20.9.1804
26
 
Paris, FRA
x
3" Rr
 
Messier Charles-Joseph
x
26.6.1730 Badonviller, FRA 12.4.1817
40
 1
Hotel de Cluny/Paris, FRA
x
3.5" Rr, 7" Rl
 
Mitchell R. J.
 
  IRL  
86
1
Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Muller Frank
 
10.9.1862 Va., USA 19.4.1917
82
13
McCormick/Charlottesville, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Oppenheim Samuel   19.11.1857 Braunsberg, Mähren 15.8.1928
1
 
Vienna, AUT
x
12" Rr
x
Oriani Barnaba
x
17.7.1752 Carignano, ITA 12.11.1832
1
 
Brera, Mailand, ITA
x
3.6" Rr
x
Palisa Johann
x
6.12.1848 Troppau, Schlesien 2.5.1925
7
1
Vienna, AUT
x
12" Rr, 27" Rr
x
Parrish N. M.
 
  USA  
 
5
McCormick/Charlottesville, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Parsons Lawrence, 4. Earl of Rosse
x
17.11.1840 Birr Castle, IRL 30.8.1908
37
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Parsons William, 3. Earl of Rosse
x
17.6.1800 York, UK 31.10.1867
3
  Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Pechüle Carl Frederick
x
8.6.1843 Copenhagen, DAN 28.5.1914
2
3
Copenhagen, DAN
x
11" Rr
x
Peek Cuthbert Edgar
x
30.1.1855 UK 8.7.1901
f
  Rousdon Observatory, Lyme Regis, UK
x
6.4" Rr
x
Peirce Charles Sanders
x
10.9.1840 Cambridge, Mass. 19.4.1914
1
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Peiresc Nicolas-Claude Fabri de
x
1.12.1580 Belgentier, FRA 24.6.1637
1
 
Aix-en-Provence, FRA
 
 
 
Peters Christian Heinrich Friedrich
x
19.9.1813 Coldenbüttel, GER 18.7.1890
16
 
Litchfield Obs./Hamilton Coll./Clinton, N.Y.
x
13.5" Rr
x
Pickering Edward Charles
x
19.7.1846 Boston, USA 3.2.1919
15
2
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr, Spectroscope
x
Pigott Edward
 
1753 Whitton, UK 1825
1
 
Frampton House, UK
 
5" Rl
 
Pihl Oluf Andreas Löwold
 
5.12.1822 Stavanger, NOR 1.7.1895
f
 
Christiana, DAN
 
3.25" Rr
 
Porter Jermain Gildersleve
x
8.1.1852 Bufallo, N.Y. 14.4.1933
 
 
Cincinnati, USA
x
12" Rr, 16" Rr
x
Ptolemäus Claudius
x
87 GRE 165
1
 
Alexandria, Egypt
 
naked eye
 
Rambaut William Hautenville
x
1822 IRL 1911
 
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
36" Rl, 72" Rl
x
Reinmuth Karl Wilhelm
x
4.4.1892 Heidelberg, GER 6.5.1979
 
 
Heidelberg, GER
x
6" Rr
x
Roberts Isaac
x
27.1.1829 Groes, North Wales 17.7.1904
 
34
Crowborough, UK
x
20" Rl
x
Rondoni Francesco        
f
  Roman Coll., ITA x 6" Rr x
Rümker George Friedrich Wilhelm
x
31.12.1832 Hamburg, GER 3.3.1900
1
 
Hamburg (Millerntor), GER
x
4" Rr
 
Russell Henry Chamberlaine
x
17.3.1836 West Maitland, AUS 22.2.1907
f
 
Sydney, AUS
x
8.5" Rr
x
Safford Truman Henry
x
6.1.1836 Royalton, Verm. 13.6.1901
29
39
Harvard; Dearborn, USA
x
15" Rr; 18.5" Rr
x
Schaeberle Johann Martin
x
10.1.1853 Öschelbronn, GER 17.9.1924
 
1
Lick, USA
x
36" Rr
x
Scheiner Julius
x
25.11.1858 Köln, GER 20.12.1913
f
 
Potsdam, GER
x
4" Rr
 
Schmidt Johann Friedrich Julius
x
26.10.1825 Eutin, GER 8.1.1884
16
 
Athens, GRE
x
6.2" Rr
 
Schönfeld Eduard
x
22.12.1828 Hildburghausen, GER 1.5.1891
4
 
Bonn; Mannheim, GER
x
3" Rr; 6" Rr
 
Schultz Per Magnus Herman
x
7.7.1823 Nygvarn, SWE 8.5.1890
12
 
Uppsala, SWE
x
9.6" Rr
x
Schwassmann Friedrich Carl Arnold
x
25.3.1870 Hamburg, GER 19.1.1964
 
149
Heidelberg, GER
x
6" Rr
x
Schweizer Kaspar Gottfried
x
16.2.1816 Wyla, SWI 6.7.1873
1
 
Moscow, RUS
x
7" Rr
 
Searle George Mary
x
27.6.1839 London, UK 7.7.1918
6
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Secchi Pietro Angelo
x
29.6.1818 Reggio Emilla, ITA 26.2.1878
c
 
Ignatius church/Rome, ITA
x
9.5" Rr
x
Skinner Aaron Nichols   10.8.1845 Boston, Mass. 14.8.1918
1
3
Dearborn, USA
x
18.5" Rr
x
Smyth William Henry
x
21.1.1788 Westminster, UK 9.9.1865
f
 
Bedford, UK
x
5.5" Rr
x
Spitaler Rudolf Ferdinand
x
7.1.1859 Bleiberg, AUT 16.10.1946
 
64
Vienna, AUT
x
27" Rr
x
Stephan Jean Marie Edouard
x
31.8.1837 St. Pezenne, FRA 31.12.1923
416
 
Marseille, FRA
x
31" Rl
x
Stewart DeLisle
x
16.3.1870 USA 8.2.1941
 
655
Arequipa, Peru; Cincinnati, USA
x
24" Rr; 12" Rr, 16" Rr
x
Stone Ormond
x
11.1.1847 Pekin, Ill. 17.1.1933
89
8
McCormick/Charlottesville, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Stoney Bindon Blood
x
13.6.1829 Oakley Park, IRL 5.5.1909
90
6
Birr Castle, IRL
x
72" Rl
x
Stoney George Johnstone
x
15.2.1826 Oakley Park, IRL 5.7.1911
53
 
Birr Castle, IRL
x
72" Rl
x
Stratonov Vsevolod Viktorovich
 
4.4.1869 Odessa, RUS 6.7.1938
 
1
Taschkent, USB
 
6" Rr
 
Struve Otto Wilhelm v.
x
7.5.1819 Dorpat, Estland 14.1.1905
9
 
Pulkowa, RUS
x
15" Rr
x
Struve Friedrich Georg Wilhelm v.
x
15.4.1793 Altona, GER 23.11.1864
7
 
Dorpat, Estl.; Pulkowa, RUS
x
9.6" Rr
x
Swift Edward
x
1871 Rochester, N.Y. 1945
25
21
Warner/Rochester, USA
x
16" Rr
x
Swift Lewis
x
29.2.1820 Clarkson, N.Y. 5.1.1913
466
450
Warner/Rochester; Lowe/Echo Mtn., USA
x
4.5" Rr; 16" Rr
x
Tempel Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht
x
4.12.1821 Niedercunnersdorf, GER 16.3.1889
149
 1
Marseille, FRA; Arcetri, ITA
x
4" Rr; 9.4" Rr; 11" Rr
 
Thome John Macon
x
22.8.1843 Palmyra, Penns. 27.9.1908
 
5
Cordoba, ARG
x
4.9" Rr
 
Todd David Peck
x
19.3.1855 Lake Ridge, N.Y. 1.6.1939
8
2
US Naval/Washington, USA
x
26" Rr
x
Trouvelot Etienne Leopold
x
26.12.1827 Guyancourt, FRA 22.4.1895
f
1 
Harvard; US Naval/Washington, USA
x
15" Rr, 26" Rr
x
Turner Joseph
x
2.7.1825 Dumfries, Scotland 25.8.1883
f
 
Melbourne Obs., AUS
x
48" Rl
x
Tuttle Horace Parnell
x
17.3.1837 USA 8.1923  
 
Harvard; US Naval/Washington, USA
x
4" Rr; 26" Rr
x
Valentiner Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Johannes
x
22.2.1845 Eckernförde, GER 1.4.1931
f
 
Karlsruhe; Heidelberg, GER
x
6" Rr
x
Vico Francesco de
 
19.5.1805 Macerata, ITA 15.11.1848
f
 
Roman Coll., ITA
x
6" Rr
 
Vogel Hermann Carl
x
3.4.1841 Leipzig, GER 13.8.1907
f
 
Leipzig, GER
x
8" Rr
 
Vespucci Amerigo
x
9.3.1451 Florenz, ITA 22.2.1512
1
 
Ship
 
naked eye
 
Voigt Auguste   18.1.1828 Gevrey-Chambertin,FRA 12.3.1909
5
3
Marseille, FRA
x
31" Rl
x
Webb Thomas William
x
14.12.1806 Tretire, UK 19.5.1885
c
1
Hardwick, UK
 
9.38" Rl
 
Wendell Oliver Clinton
x
7.5.1850 Dover, N.H. 5.11.1912
 
 
Harvard, USA
x
9" Rr, 15" Rr
x
Wilson Herbert Couper
x
24.8.1858 Northfield, Min. 9.3.1940
 
3
Goodsell/Northfield, Minn.
x
16.2" Rr
x
Winlock Joseph
x
6.2.1826 Shelbyville, Kent. 11.6.1875
2
 
Harvard, USA
x
15" Rr
x
Winnecke Friedrich August Theodor
x
5.2.1835 Groß-Heere, GER 3.12.1897
8
 
Göttingen, Berlin, GER; Pulkowa, RUS; Strasbourg, FRA
x
3" Rr, 3.5" Rr, 4.5" Rr, 6.5" Rr, 9.6" Rr
x
Wirtz Carl Wilhelm
x
24.8.1876 Krefeld, GER 18.2.1939
 
 
Strasbourg, FRA
x
18" Rr
x
Wolf Charles Joseph Etienne
 
9.11.1827 Vorges, FRA 4.7.1918
f
 
Paris, FRA
 
16" Rl, 47.2" Rl
 
Wolf Maximilian [Max] Franz Josef Cornelius
x
21.6.1863 Heidelberg, GER 3.10.1932
 
1112
Heidelberg, GER
x
6" Rr, 16" Rr
x
Young Charles Augustus
x
15.12.1834 Hanover, N.H. 3.1.1908
1
 
Halsted Obs./Princeton, N.J.
x
23" Rr
x

.

Explanations of columns

Column Explanation
Surname The country-specific spelling is used (especially for german persons)
First name

The country-specific spelling is used (especially for german persons); bold = name by which one is called

P x = Photo available (person, instrument, observatory)
born, died Date in german style (dd.mm.yyyy)
Birthplace City, state or country
NGC, IC Number of discoveries (from Historic NGCIC statistics); c, f, i, n = only mentioned as co-discoverer, in table "figures", in the "introduction" or in the "notes"; no entry = otherwise relevant (see link)
Observatory observatory, country (bold = mentioned by Dreyer)
Instrument used for observation/discovery: Rr = refractor, Rl = reflector (bold = mentioned by Dreyer); something like "(14ft)" means 14 ft focal lengths.

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